The importance of dental care can be assessed by the fact that dental caries and periodontal disease remain the most common human diseases, especially in the developed world. The strangest thing is that dental health and tooth loss is strongly related to standard of living. Dental caries and periodontal disease is basically the consequence of bacteria in the plaque, which eats into the tooth enamel as well as infects the gums. Plaque forms constantly on the teeth and is a thin colorless film full of bacteria. The primary stage of dental disease is gingivitis or inflammation of the gums. Gingivitis is not only the easy to notice but also the easiest to treat. Plaque must be removed daily and the best way to do that is to brush your teeth twice a day, once early in the morning (opinion differs on whether the morning ritual of brushing teeth should be performed before or after breakfast) and then before going to bed. If dental plaque is not removed and allowed to accumulate it produces toxins and irritates the gums and causes gingivitis. This is the early stage of gum disease and can be treated easily. Over time, gingivitis, if not treated, can progress into periodontitis.
Periodontitis is a serious gum disease that attacks the gum and bone around the teeth and eventually results in tooth loss. Tooth pain is among the top three most excruciating pains and often requires emergency dental care. Gingivitis being the first stage of periodontitis, prevention involves regular teeth cleaning to avoid plaque accumulation.
Typical signs of gingivitis are tender gums that are red and swollen and often bleed while brushing teeth. Gums start receding teeth have an elongated appearance. Brushing teeth can be pretty monotonous and boring. It is important that families have a proper family dental care program so that the habit of brushing is inculcated at an early age.
It is a myth that that you require professional dental cleaning to avoid gingivitis. If you are particular about oral hygiene there is no reason that you have to get your teeth cleaned by a professional. Proper dental health care not only keeps your teeth clean and strong but an insurance against gingivitis.
With passage of time teeth tend to discolor and lose their whiteness. Most of this is due to advancing age but diet and lifestyles too play an important role. Teeth cleaning and teeth whitening are two different aspects altogether. Teeth’s whitening is basically cosmetic dental care that improves the appearance of your teeth.
Although dental diseases are not considered to be lethal, they can adversely affect your overall health. Diabetics need to watch out since high glucose level in saliva helps plaque to thrive. Dental care is even more important as diabetes also slows the healing process and once gum disease occurs it may be more difficult to treat.